The conflict between the India government and international NGOs, including Greenpeace India and Amnesty International, does not seem to have ended. The NGOs accused the government of the Prime Minister (PM) of India, Narendra Modi, of eroding freedom of contention by imprisoning critics. The situation resulted that they had to slash 68 jobs — 30 percent of its in-country workforce — and cancel programs.
Earlier the government issued a statement accusing the group of receiving 260 million rupees (US $ 3.5 million) illegally from foreign accounts through a shell company. Both Greenpeace and Amnesty International have denied the allegations.
According to them, the allegations are baseless. How could thethe government make the accusation after the international aid organizations have operated in India for decades, collaborating with the government on issues ranging from clean water to children’s education to disposal of e-waste?
Critics say the government is attempting to cover up human rights failures by cracking down on groups that expose them. Instead, an Indian tax official accused the NGOs of illegally receiving funds through a shell company that was set up to avoid authorities after the India’s Minister of Home Affair canceled the group’s license.
Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director of Human Rights Watch, places the blame at the feet of the previous Congress party government for amending the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act in 2008 to require organizations to reapply for registration every five years.
Ganguly said that the policy had a clear message that the government wanted to cover up human rights violations by cracking down on critics. Last year, India refused to allow investigators from the office of the High Commission for Human Rights based in Geneva to visit Indian-controlled Kashmir state and investigate reports of human rights violations in disputed areas.
They compared the treatment of India with its neighbour, Pakistan. PM Imran Khan has ordered more than a dozen international aid organizations to start “humanitarian” activities in Pakistan.
What caught the public’s attention was that the government was so decisive in cracking down on NGO by raiding their offices, freezing bank accounts, and limiting their travels. Why does the government act repressively? Are they worried about the campaign that has been repeatedly launched so that the government overcomes dangerous air quality in cities in India? That’s the skeptical questions of the supporters of the NGO.
NGO work anomalies
For the government and people of India, the oddities and obscurity of work were actually shown by the NGOs. As is known, clean air campaigned by NGOs has the aim that the use of coal in India will decrease, especially for heating, industry, and electricity generation. However, interesting facts show that India is one of the countries with the largest renewable energy installation in the world.
The country of PM Modi has entered the global cluster of countries with the greatest clean energy use. The latest data shows that the capacity of the country’s Wind Power Plant exceeds 10% in the last quarter of 2018. Wind energy remains the dominant technology in India with a capacity of nearly 76 GW of renewable energy (as of 31 December 2018). The total installed capacity of power plants reached 351 GW at the end of last year. In the electricity sector, India has not included a large hydroelectric power plant into the renewable energy sector. Without just including a large hydropower plant, India’s renewable energy mix has reached 20% of the total installed power capacity (71,325 GW) on 30 June 2018. With the contribution of hydropower to 13% of total power capacity, India’s total renewable energy mix until the end of 2018 reached more than 33%.
Compare this with developed countries like Australia, which has just launched the achievement of a renewable energy mix of 33% by 2030. Looking at India’s wind-based electric power capacity, anyone will see how high the attention of the PM Modi government over the development of renewable energy. India’s PLTB capacity reaches 34,046 MW as of March 31, 2018, making India the fourth largest producer of wind power in the world. The country has a strong manufacturing base in wind power by producing 53 different wind quality international turbine models of up to 3 MW. Even the manufacturing results have been exported to Europe, the United States (US), and other countries.
What is also interesting from India’s renewable energy development is that the government’s target to install 20 GW of solar power by 2022 can be reached four years ahead of schedule in January 2018, both through solar garden programs and solar panels on the roof. For this, India has set a new target to reach 100 GW of solar power by 2022. Four of the seven largest solar parks in the world are in India, including the second largest solar power park in the world in Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, with a capacity of 1,000 MW.
Now India is building the largest solar power plant in the world, Bhadla Solar Park in Rajasthan with a capacity of 2,255 MW and is expected to be completed by the end of 2018. In addition, India plans to have installed wind energy capacity of 70 GW in March 2022 and 140 GW in March 2030. With the “horrible” facts above, of course the public questioned the intention of the NGOs to continue to put pressure on the government of PM Modi: what do they really mean?