The palm oil taskforce of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has completed the objective analysis about the impact of palm oil to natural conservation globally and offered the solutions to conserve the environment. The result of the study concluded that the other kinds of vegetable oil need nine times areas larger than palm oil.
So substituting palm oil by other kinds of vegetable oil would significantly increase the total needs of area to produce non vegetable oil to fulfill the global needs.
It was said by the Palm oil Taskforce Chief of IUCN, Erik Meijaard when handing over the result study to Coordinator Minister in Economy, Darmin Nasution in Jakarta, Monday (4/2/2019).
“When palm oil faces the challenges, namely in Indonesia, the scientific fact is needed to give understandings to the public about palm oil development in Indonesia,” Darmin said in the official statement to InfoSAWIT.
In 2050, it is predicted that the vegetable oil needs in the world could be 310 million tons. Palm oil contributes about 35% of the total needs globally within the biggest consumption, India, China, and Indonesia. The proportion of usage is 75% for the food industries, and 25% for the cosmetic, cleansing, and biofuel industries.
The other findings of the study showed that the natural conservation in the tropical rain forest consists of 193 species of rare animals, such as, orangutan, siamang, elephant, and tiger.
The government of Indonesia has allocated the habitat for the flora and fauna. They consist of national park, sanctuary, and other protected forests within the conservation forests reaching 22,1 million hectares and the protected forests reaching 29,7 million hectares. “The function of the forests habitat should be optimized,” Darmin said.
Besides making the protection regions for the animals, the government has allocated other regions as the animal habitat, such as, the corridor, essential economic zone, and high conservation value (HCV).
In Indonesia, the allocation of area advantage to support the life reaches about 33% (66 million hectares) of the total land. Of the width, palm oil plantations have the widest to be advantaged reaching 14 million hectares, then paddy fields reaching 7,1 million hectares, and the rests are to housing, and other public facilities.